Printing: A Brief History of it
Printing, as defined by Dictionary.com is the art, process, or business of producing books, newspapers, etc., by impression from movable types, plates, etc. The process of printing or making copies first became accessible in the year 1440 thanks to a German inventor named Johannes Gutenberg. Gutenberg began experimenting with metal typography (letterpress printing). From there, he was able to create the printing press, a machine that transfers lettering or images by contact with various forms of inked surface onto paper or similar material fed into it in various ways. This device was used to print many copies of a text on paper, and allowed multiple productions of printed books. Before this invention, multiple copies of one manuscript had to be made by “hand”, a difficult task that took years to develop. On the contrary, there were other methods of printing.
For example, in the Far East, even though movable type and printing presses were known, the printing press did not replace printing from individually carved wooden blocks from movable clay type, which processed much more proficient than hand copying. The use of movable type in printing was invented in 1041 AD by Bi Sheng in China. Generally, one cannot quickly assume that Gutenberg knew of these existing techniques or invented them independently, because of certain differences in the different techniques. Later, as technology advanced, the printing machine evolved to high-speed printing. Nowadays, we have the ability to print thousands of papers in a short amount of time. We now can print in color, add more designs, and scan at the same time, all in a simple process.
The invention of the printing press surely impacted our society, and most likely the world. It came from a long way.
Credits: Written By: Luigi “TheStorian”